thomas & eliza quinney

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Thomas Quinney was born on 11 October 1816 in High Cross, Leicester to William & Sarah Quinney nee Carvel. He was their seventh child, joining elder siblings Ann Quinney who was born on 11 June 1806 in Churchover, Warwickshire; Elizabeth Quinney who was born on 22 December 1807 in Churchover; John Quinney who was born on 13 March 1810 in Churchover; Mary Quinney who was born on 30 November 1811 in Churchover; and William Quinney who was born on 02 May 1814 in Churchover. There had also been another sister, named Mary Quinney who had been Elizabeth's twin who had died in June 1808 at the age of five months.

Thomas Quinney was baptised on 18 May 1818 in Churchover. The church register recorded that the family was living in Wolvey at the time and that Thomas' father, William Quinney was a labourer.

Thomas' younger sister, Jane Quinney, was born in 1819, most probably in Wolvey, Warwickshire. She was baptised in Churchover on 07 June 1819. The baptism register recorded that the family was still resident in Wolvey and that their father, William Quinney was still a labourer.

Thomas' youngest sibling, Maria Quinney, was born in 1821 in Wolvey. She was baptised in Wolvey on 13 November 1821. The baptism register recorded that the family was resident in Wolvey and that William Quinney was still a labourer. Maria's baptism entry is also out of order, having been recorded sometime between 06 December and 25 December 1821; this may suggest that her baptism was a private baptism.

Thomas' eldest sister, Ann Quinney married William Lee on 02 November 1830 in Wolvey (parish register). Ann was 24 years old; William appears to have been a couple of years younger. Both were from the parish of Wolvey. William was able to sign his name in the regster, but Ann signed with an 'x'. Their marriage was witnessed by William Astill & Elizabeth Lee.

On 03 May 1831, Thomas' elder sister, 23 year old Elizabeth Quinney, married William Tucker, a bachelor from Ratcliffe. Neither Elizabeth nor William were able to sign their names as both marked the register with an 'x'. Their marriage was witnessed by Richard Tucker & Jane Smith.

 

Eliza Hood was born on 01 March 1813 in the Ullesthorpe House of Industry to Ann Hood, the wife of William Hood. Three months previously, on the 30 Novemeber 1812, Eliza's mother Ann Hood and her elder brother, four year old George Hood, had been removed from Stoke Golding having become chargeable to the parish, presumably as Ann was six months pregnant, she had been unable to work to support herself and her son. Her husband, William Hood, was away in the Royal Marines and does not appear to have been particularly consistent in supporting his wife and family.

Eliza was baptised in Claybrook Church, a little over three years later, on 21 April 1816 (parish register). Her entry in the baptism register recorded her as the natural child of Ann Hood, usually taken to mean illegitimate child. Their abode was noted as still being the Ullesthorpe House of Industry.

By March 1822, Eliza and her mother and elder brother George Hood were living in Stoke Golding. It is not known if Eliza's father, William Hood, was with them.

Unfortunately, at that time, Eliza's brother, 13 year old George died and was buried in St Margaret's Churchyard in Stoke Golding. Eliza would have been nine years old.

In 1823, Eliza's yougner brother, Thomas Hood, was born in Stoke Golding, he was baptised on 31 July 1823 in St Margaret's Church (parish register). Thomas' baptism entry also recorded him as illegitimate.

Eliza's youngest sibling, James Hood, was born in 1825 in Stoke Golding. James was baptised on 06 November 1825 in St Margaret's Church (parish register). James' entry recorded him as the son of William & Ann Hood, living in Stoke Golding with his father working as a framework knitter.

 

On 27 October 1839, banns were called for the first time for the marriage of Thomas Quinney to Maria Hood. They married in Wolvey Parish Church on 12 November 1839. Thomas was a 23 year old labourer, living in Wolvey Wolds. Maria Hood was 26 year old Eliza Hood, a domestic servant also living in Wolvey Wolds. Both Thomas & Maria (Eliza) were illiterate, making their marks in the register with an 'x'. Their marriage was witmessed by Ann Cross and Samuel Cross, who do not appear to be related to them. It is not known why Eliza used the name of Maria, but it would be a pattern that she continued for many years in any contact that she had with the church.

In June 1840, Thomas & Eliza's first child, William Quinney, was born in Wolvey (Foleshill 16 412). He was presumably named after both of their fathers? William was baptised in St John the Baptist Church in Wolvey on 05 July 1840 (parish register). The family was recorded as living in Wolvey andThomas was working as a labourer. once again, Eliza was noted as Maria. William's birth was later recorded in the front of the family bible along with both Thomas & ELiza's dates of birth and those of his subsequent siblings, these recordings in the front of the family bible were almost certainly not made by Thomas & Eliza, as both were illiterate.

On 12 July 1840, Thomas' younger sister Jane Quinney married Thomas Parker in Wolvey (parish register). 21 year old Jane was a stocking weaver and 20 year old Thomas was a labourer. Both were able to sign their names in the register. Their marriage was witnessed by William Quinney, Jane's elder brother and her youngest sister Mary (Maria) Quinney.

A little over two months later, on 13 September 1840, Thomas' youngest sister Maria Quinney married Thomas Brown in Wolvey (parish register). Maria married as Mary Quinney and appears to have been known as Mary, suggesting that their elder sister Mary Quinney who was born in 1811 had died. Maria / Mary & William were both minors and both were stocking weavers. Their marriage was witnessed by Elizabeth Brown & William Hewitt.

The 1841 census was taken on the night of 06 June 1841 and was the first English census to record details of the individuals enumerated. 24 year old Thomas & 25 year old Eliza Quinney were recorded as living at Chapple Street in Wolvey with their son, one year old William Quinney. Thomas was working as an agricultural labourer.

Thomas' brother in law, William Lee, husband of his eldest sister Ann, died in January 1842 at the age of 34. He left Ann widowed with two young children - nine year old Mary Lee and four year old Elizabeth (Betsy) Lee. William Lee was buried in Bulkington on 16 Janaury 1842 (parish register).

In March 1842, Thomas & Eliza's second son, George Quinney, was born in Wolvey (Foleshill 16 411). He was baptised in St John the Baptist Church in Wolvey on 27 March 1842 (parish register). The register recorded the family as still living in Wolvey and Thomas as still working as a labourer. Again, Eliza was recorded as Maria. George's birth was also later recorded in the front of the family bible.

In the December 1/4 of 1843, Thomas' eldest sister remarried when she wed William King (Nuneaton 16 606A). William was a silk weaver, five years older than Ann.

Thomas & Eliza's third child and first daughter, Ann Quinney, was born on 08 January 1844 in Wolvey. Her full date of birth of recorded in the front of the family bible, unlike those of her elder brothers. Does this indicate that her birth was recorded almost immediately in the family bible, in which case who recorded it or did Ann, herself, later record the dates in the bible? Ann Quinney was baptised as a four day old infant on the 12 January 1844 in St John the Baptist Church in Wolvey (parish register). Was it a private baptism?

On 18 June 1846, Thomas & Eliza's fourth child and third son, Thomas Quinney, was born in Wolvey. Thomas' birth was not recorded immediately in the family bible and when it was subsequently added, his year of birth was noted incorrectly as 1845. Thomas' birth was registered just over a week after his birth on 26 June 1846 by Eliza. She recorded their residence simply as Wolvey and Thomas senior's occupation as a labourer. Eliza also confirmed herself to still be illiterate by signing the register with an 'x'.

Thomas' eldest brother, John Quinney, died on 20 August 1846 in Wolvey. He was 37 years old. His death was registered by William Quinney, who could have been either his father or younger brother, on 22 August 1846, the day before he was buried in St John the Baptist Churchyard in Wolvey. His death certificate recorded that he had died from an affliction of the brain from which he had suffered for eight years.

Eliza's younger brother, Thomas Hood, married Jane Clifford in the September ¼ of 1848 (Hinckley 15 118). Thomas was 25 years old and working as a framework knitter, his wife was six years his junior.

In the September 1/4 of 1848, Thomas & Eliza's fifth child and second daughter, Betsy Quinney, was born in Wolvey (Foleshill 16 435). Sometime later, Betsy's year of birth was added to the front of the family bible.

A little over a year later, on 15 December 1849, Betsy Quinney was seen by a doctor and diagnosed as suffering from worms. It is not known exactly which type of worm she was infested with nor how she came to be infected. Just four days later she died as a result. Thomas registered the death of his daughter the following day, noting his own occupation as still being a labourer and their abode as simply Wolvey. Thomas also confirmed that he was still illiterate by signing the register with an 'x'.

On 03 March 1850, Thomas & Eliza's eldest son, Thomas Quinney, was baptised in St John the Baptist Church in Wolvey (parish register). Eliza was again recorded as Maria. Why had he not been baptised as an infant as his elder siblings had? Was his baptism prompted by the untimely death of his younger sister a couple of months earlier?

In the June 1/4 of 1850, Thomas' younger sister, Jane Parker, died at the age of 31 in Wolvey. She left her husband Thomas Parker widowed with one son - nine year old George Parker.

Thomas & Eliza's sixth child and fourth son, Frederick Quinney, was born in June 1850 in Wolvey (Foleshill 16 502). Frederick's birth was later added to the front of the family bible.

The 1851 census was taken on the night of 30 March 1851 and recorded 36 year old Thomas & 39 year old Eliza as living in Wolvey. With them were their five surviving children - 11 year old William Quinney who was working a a farmer's boy; nine year old George Quinney who was also working as a farmer's boy; seven year old scholar Ann Quinney; five year old scholar Thomas Quinney and nine month old Frederick Quinney. Thomas was still working as an agricultural labourer and Eliza was working as a framework knitter.

Thomas & Eliza's youngest child, Frederick Quinney, was baptised in St John the Baptist Church in Wolvey on 20 June 1851 (parish register). He was just a year old. Once again he was recorded as the son of Thomas & Maria Quinney.

Thomas' mother, Sarah Quinney, died on 28 August 1851 in Wolvey as a result of dropsy. She was recorded as being 70 years old. Sarah was buried in St John the Baptist Churchyard in Wolvey the following day (parish register).

On 13 September 1852, Thomas' brother, 38 year old William Quinney, married Elizabeth Brown in Wolvey (parish register). William was a stocking weaver as was 35 year old Elizabeth, the spinster daughter of Thomas Brown. William Quinney signed his name in the register but Elizabeth made her mark by way of an 'x'. Their marriage was witnesed by Rose Ann Birchall and William Brown.

Thomas & Eliza's seventh child and third daughter, Eliza Quinney, was born on 02 November 1852 in Wolvey. She was baptised in St John the Baptist Church in Wolvey on 03 January 1853 (parish register), where once again she was recorded as the daughter of Thomas & Maria Quinney. Eliza's full date of birth was also added to the front of the family bible, again it is not known who added her details but it seems unlikely to have been Eliza, as she later revealed herself to be illiterate.

Thomas' father, William Quinney, died on 08 February 1855 in Wolvey as a result of dropsy, the same condition as had claimed his wife just under four years earlier. He was buried on 11 February 1855 in St John the Baptist Churchyard in Wolvey (parish register).

On 01 May 1856, Thomas & Eliza's eighth and youngest child, Sarah Jane Quinney, was born in Wolvey. She was baptised nearly five months later, on 28 September 1856, in St John the Baptist Church in Wolvey (parish register). Unlike her siblings, she was recorded as the daughter of Thomas & Eliza Quinney. Sarah Jane's full birth details were also later added to the front of the family bible. Sarah Jane may have been responsible for the details of her siblings being added to the front of the family bible, as, with the exception of her brothers William & Thomas Quinney, she is the only sibling, known to have been literate. Why, however, did she only know the full dates of her sisters' birthdays?

Eliza's youngest brother, James Hood, married Ann Maria Lowe in the September ¼ of 1857 (Blaby 7a 69). He was 32 years old and his wife was eight years younger.

Eliza's mother, Ann Hood died on 24 April 1859 in Stoke Golding (certificate). She was 72 years old and was buried in St Margaret's Churchyard in Stoke Golding on 27 April 1859. Her death had been registered two days earlier by Eliza's younger brother Thomas Hood, when he had given her occupation as the widow of William Hood. Unfortunately it is not known when Eliza's father died.

Sometime in 1860, Thomas & Eliza's eldest daughter Ann Quinney fell ill with phthisis. She would have been 16 years old. It is not known if other members of the family also fell ill with the disease.

The 1861 census was taken on the night of 07 April 1861 and recorded 47 year old Thomas & 47 year old Eliza Quinney as living in Rugby Road, Wolvey. With them were their four youngest surviving children - 17 year old Ann Quinney who was working as a silk weaver; 11 year old Frederick Quinney who was working as a farmer's boy; eight year old scholar Eliza Quinney & four year old scholar Sarah Jane Quinney. Both of their elder sons had left home and were working as servant carters; 20 year old William in Ryton and 18 year old George in Burbage. Thomas senior was still working as an agricultural labourer but Eliza had no occupation recorded.

Eliza's sister in law, Ann Maria Hood, wife of her youngest brother James Hood, died in the September 1/4 of 1861 (Leicester 7a 124). She was 28 years old and left James widowed with one daughter - four year old Sarah Maria Hood.

Thomas & Eliza's eldest son, William Quinney, married Emma Harrison in the December 1/4 of 1863 (Hinckley 7a 176). He was 23 years old and working as a carter. Emma was two years younger and had recently given birth to their first child, Eliza, in Ryton.

On 06 September 1865, Thomas & Eliza's daughter, Ann Quinney, died in Wolvey as a result of the phthisis from which she had suffered for five years. Her death was registered the same day by Catherine Capers, an elderly neighbour of the Quinney's who had been present at her death. Catherine gave Thomas' occupation as that of a farm labourer, living in Wolvey.

In the September 1/4 of 1865, Thomas & Eliza's second son, George Quinney, married Rebecca Dalton (Burton on Trent 6b 399). George was 23 years old and Rebecca was a year older.

In August 1867, Thomas Quinney, senior was called as a witness in a case against Cotward & Benjamin Fletcher brought by shepherd John Arnold. The case was about the shooting of a shepherd dog owned by John Arnold on 06 April 1867 which had been shot by Benjamin Fletcher, supposedly after the dog had worried some sheep belonging to the Fletchers. Thomas gave evidence to the effect that he lived in Wolvey and had seen the dog coming off the defendents' premises after it had been shot. He added that the dog continued down the turnpike road for about 30 yards from the orchard and that the gun had been fired near the Fletcher's house. The defendents were found guilty of unlawfully shooting the dog and were found damages to the amount of £3 and 3s, the value of the dog. A full report of the case appeared in the Saturday 24 August 1867 edition of the Leicester Chronicle.

Thomas & Eliza's third son, Thomas Quinney, married Mary Ann King in Barwell Parish Church on 15 October 1867 (certificate). Thomas was 21 years old and working as a farm labourer. Mary Ann, who was known as Ann, was two years younger and nearly full term with their first child.

In the June 1/4 of 1868, Eliza's widowed youngest brother, James Hood, remarried when he wed Ellen Whittleworth

The 1871 census was taken on the night of 02 April 1871 and recorded 55 year old Thomas & 58 year old Eliza as living in The Village, Wolvey. Thomas was still an agricultural labourer and Eliza was working as a cotton stocking weaver, msot probably from their home. With them were their two youngest daughters - 19 year old Eliza Quinney who was also working as a cotton stocking waeaver and 14 year old Sarah Jane Quinney who was working as a seamstress. Eldest son William Quinney was also nearby in The Village, Wolvey with his family.

On 12 June 1872, Thomas & Eliza's daughter, Eliza Quinney, gave birth to her first child, Sarah Ann Quinney in Wolvey (certificate). Eliza was 19 years old and unmarried. It is not known who the father of her child was. Eliza registered the birth of her daughter the same day, recording her occupation as that of a stocking maker and her abode as simply Wolvey. She signed the register with an 'x' revealing herself to be illiterate. Thomas & Eliza clearly supported Eliza as both she and her daughter stayed in the family home. Sarah Ann's later baptism on 11 October 1891, recorded her actual date of birth as being 11 June 1871?

On 16 March 1875, Thomas & Eliza's eldest surviving daughter, Eliza Quinney, married William York in Wolvey (parish register). Eliza was 22 years old. 22 year old William York was the labourer son of farmer John York. Whilst William signed his name in the register, Eliza, again made her mark by way of an 'x'. Their marriage was witnessed by Frederick Allen, Eliza's future brother in law and her youngest brother Frederick Quinney, who also revealed himslef to be illiterate. It is not known if William was aware of Eliza's daughter, as Sarah Ann does not appear to have lived with her mother and step father, remaining instead with her grandparents.

Thomas' eldest sister, Ann King, died in the June 1/4 of 1875 (Covenry 6d 313). She was recorded as being 70 years old but was actually 69.

In the March 1/4 of 1877, Thomas' elder brother William Quinney died at the age of 62 (Hinckley 7a 35).

On 01 May 1877, Thomas & Eliza's youngest daughter, Sarah Jane Quinney married Frederick Allen in Wolvey on her 21st birthday (parish register). Frederick Allen was the 19 year old labourer son of baker George Allen. Sarah was recorded as being a framework knitter. Both Frederick & Sarah signed their names in the register, as did both of their witnesses - William Quinney, Sarah's eldest brother, and Jane Burton. Sarah was pregnant at the time of her marriage as their first child, Charles Frederick Allen, was born in the September 1/4 of 1877.

The 1881 census was taken on the night of 03 April 1881 and recorded 64 year old Thomas & 68 year old Eliza Quinney as living in Rugby Road, Wolvey. Thomas was still working as an agricultural labourer but Eliza had no occupation recorded. With them was their 30 year old unmarried son, Frederick Quinney, who was also working as an agricultural labourer and their eight year old scholar granddaughter, Sarah Ann Quinney.

Thomas & Eliza's youngest son, Frederick Quinney, married his first cousin Mary Brown on 29 November 1882 in Wolvey (parish register). Frederick was a 32 year old labourer and Mary was recorded as being the 24 year old daughter of Thomas Brown. Later census returns however revealed her to be 34 a the time of her marriage. Thomas Brown was the brother in law of Thomas Quinney, having married thomas' youngest sister Mary Quinney in 1840. Mary Brown signed the register, but Frederick simply made his mark with an 'x', confirming himself to be illiterate. Their marriage was witnesed by Thomas Allen and Mary Ann Brown.

Thomas' youngest sister Mary Brown, died in the March 1/4 of 1883 at the age of 61 (Hinckley 7a 35).

Thomas & Eliza's second son, George Quinney died in the Coventry and Warwickshire Hospital on 01 June 1883. He was just 39 years old and died from morbus cordis (heart disease). His death was registered three days later by nurse Bertha Connelly, suggesting that none of his family were with him when he died. This would seem to tie in with his wife / widow Rebecca being all but full term with their sixth child. George's occupation was noted as a labourer from Stoke. George left his wife Rebecca widowed with five children - 16 year old William Quinney; 14 year old Ann Quinney; 11 year old Frederick Quinney; eight year old Rebekka Quinney; and two year old Tom Quinney. Rebecca had their sixth child, Ada Quinney shortly after George's death.

On 01 January 1885, Thomas Quinney died from cancer of the eyeball, a condition from which he had suffered for eight or nine months. He was 68 years old and had been married to Eliza for just over 45 years. Thomas' death was registered on 01 January 1885 by his daughter in law, Emma Quinney, who gave his occupation as that of a farm labourer and his place of death as simply Wolvey. He was survived by his wife and five of his eight children. Thomas was the last of his siblings to die.

Thomas Quinney was laid to rest in St John the Baptist Churchyard on 05 January 1885 (parish register).

Eliza's sister in law, Ellen Hood, second wife of her youngest brother, James Hood, died in Leicester in the December 1/4 of 1885 (Leicester 7a 145). She was 52 years old.

In the March 1/4 of 1891, Eliza's youngest brother, James Hood, died in Leicester at the age of 65.

The 1891 census was taken on the night of 05 April 1891 and recorded 78 year old Eliza Quinney as living at Pipers End, Wolvey and working as a seamer. Living with her was her 18 year old granddaughter Sarah Ann Quinney who was working as a marker at the dye works.

In the June 1/4 of 1891, Eliza's sister in law, Elizabeth Quinney, widow of Thomas' brother, William Quinney, died at the age of 73 (Hinckley 7a 54).

Eliza's granddaughter, Sarah Ann Quinney, who had been living with her, married Joseph Bayliss on 11 July 1893 in St John the Baptist Church in Wolvey. Sarah Ann was a 21 year old stocking machinst and Joseph was the 30 year old farm labourer son of farm labourer John Bayliss. Both Joseph & Sarah Ann signed the marriage register as did their two witnesses - William York, who was almost certainly Sarah Ann's step father and Hannah Greasley. The fact that William York witnesed Sarah Ann's marriage almost certainly means that, despite not living with her mother, Sarah Ann was not estranged from nor unacknowledged my her mother and step father.

The 1901 census was taken on the night of 31 March 1901 and recorded 88 year old Eliza Quinney as living in Coventry Road in Wolvey. With Eliza was her daughter Eliza and her husband William York and their family. Eliza was described as the head of the family, but it seems more likely that she had moved into her daughter's household, probably following the marriage of granddaughter Sarah Ann who had previously lived with her or if the move was more recent, as a result of her failing health. Close by was Eliza's son Frederick Quinney and his family.

Eliza's younger brother, Thomas Hood died in June 1901 at the age of 77. He was buried in St Margaret's Churchyard in Stoke Golding on 08 June 1901.

On 10 Ocotber 1901, Eliza Quinney died in Wolvey at the age of 88. Her death was registered the following day by her granddaughter, Hannah Brandrick, the youngest daughter of her eldest son William Quinney. It was recorded that she died from cardiac failure and anasarca (a massive oedema resulting from heart failure) from which she had suffered for two months. Her occupation was recorded as simply being the widow of Thomas Quinney. Eliza had outlived Thomas by nearly 16 years and was survived by five of her eight children - 61 year old William Quinney; 55 year old Thomas Quinney; 51 year old Frederick Quinney; 48 year old Eliza York; and 45 year old Sarah Jane Allen. Eliza was also the last of her siblings to die.

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