john and mary hayman

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John Haman was born on 13 December 1795 in Ringway. He was the first child of Aaron & Ann Haman nee Whitehead.

Six weeks later, on 24 January 1796, John Haman was baptised in Ringway Chapel (parish register).

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The new Chapel at Ringway had been built 75 years earlier, in 1720. The following year dissenting worshippers had been ejected from the Chapel, suggesting that John and Ann Haman must have been followers of the Established Church.

Photograph of Ringway Chapel, taken 25 August 2015

John's first sibling, William Hamon, was born on 01 June 1798 in Hale. He was baptised a month later on 01 July 1798 in Ringway Chapel (parish register). John was two and half years old.

In May 1801, John's paternal grandfather, Aaron Hamon, died at the age of 85. He was buried in St Mary's Churchyard in Bowdon (parish register).

On 24 January 1802, John's eldest sister, Mary Haman, was born in Hale. She was baptised in Ringway Chapel on 21 February 1802 (parish register). John was six years old.

John's next sibling, Ann Haman, was born on 24 December 1804 in Hale. Just under a month later, on 20 January 1805, she was baptised in Ringway Chapel (parish register). John was nine years old.

On 06 March 1808, John's third sister, Martha Haman, was born in Hale. She was baptised five weeks later, on 10 April 1808, in Ringway Chapel (parish register). John was 12 years old.

Three years later, on 26 May 1811, John's sister, Elizabeth Haman, was born in Hale. She was baptised a month later, on 30 June 1811 in Ringway Chapel (parish register). John was 15 and a half years old.

John's youngest sibling, Aaron Haman, was born on 02 October 1814 in Hale. He was baptised in Ringway Chapel seven weeks later, on 20 November 1814 (parish register). John was nearly 19 years old.

 

Mary Taylor was born in 1794 to John & Elizabeth Taylor nee Hall in Ashton upon Mersey. She was their fifth child and third daughter, joining elder siblings Hannah Taylor who was 12 years old; William Taylor who was nine years old and Sarah Taylor who was six years old. There had also been another sister, named Mary Taylor, who had perished in August 1787 as an infant.

Mary was baptised in St Martin's Church on 21 September 1794. The register simply recorded that the family was resident in Ashton (parish register).

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Mary's only younger sibling appears to have been Betty Taylor who was baptised in St Martin's Church on 26 January 1800 (parish register). My only doubt about Betty being Mary's sibling is the six year gap between them, although there is also a six year gap between Mary and Sarah, and the fact that Betty's mother was recorded as Betty opposed to Elizabeth.

Mary's eldest sister, Hannah Taylor, married Joseph Royle in the Collegiate Church in Manchester on 03 June 1803 (parish register). Hannah was 21 years old and six years older.

Mary's first child, a son she named John Taylor, was born in late 1816 or early 1817 in Ashton upon Mersey. Mary was 22 years old and unmarried. Her son was baptised in St Martin's Church on 02 February 1817 (parish register). It is not known whom John's father was; despite him being named John, John Haman is not believed to have been his father, it is more likely that Mary named her son in favour of her father.

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John Hayman married Mary Taylor on 09 October 1820 in Manchester's Collegiate Church; they were one of 12 couples married in the Church that day. John was recorded as a labourer and Mary as a spinster. Neither John nor Mary were able to sign their own names in the register, indicating that they were both illiterate. Their marriage was witnessed by Robert Hilton and Frances Barlow, neither of whom appears to be related to them (parish register).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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John & Mary's first child, William Heyman, was born in late 1820 or early 1821 in Ashton upon Mersey. He was baptised in St Martin's Church on 18 February 1821. The register recorded that the family were living in Ashton upon Mersey and that John was a husbandman (parish register); was this simply a more detailed recording of John's occupation or had he managed to improve his employment since his marriage three and a half months earlier? A husbandman was a free tenant farmer or a small landowner, lower in status than a yeoman. Mary was 26 years old.

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Just over two months later, John's sister, Mary Haman, married John Blease on 26 April 1821 in Bowdon Parish Church. John was 27 years old and Mary was eight years younger. Their marraige was witnessed by John Neild, the parish clerk, and William Haman, John & Mary's brother (parish register).

Mary's father, John Taylor, died in June 1822 in Ashton upon Mersey; he was 82 years old, making him an elderly father to 27 year old Mary. He was buried on 07 June 1822 in St Martin's Churchyard (parish register).

A few months later, in 1822, John & Mary's second son, Thomas Heyman, was born in Ashton upon Mersey. He was baptised in St Martin's Church on 10 November 1822 when the family was again recorded as living in Ashton and John was noted as still being a husbandman (parish register). Mary was 28 years old.

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John & Mary's third son, Aaron Hayman, was born in Ashton upon Mersey in early 1825. He was baptised on 27 March 1825 in St Martin's Church. The baptism register recorded the family as living in Ashton and John's occupation as still being a husbandman (parish register). Mary was 30 years old.

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Towards the end of 1827, John & Mary's fourth son, Joseph Haman, was born in Ashton upon Mersey. He was baptised on 23 December 1827 in St Martin's Church when John's occupation was recorded as simply a labourer but the family was still resident in Ashton (parish register). Does the recording of John as being a labourer indicate a loss of his small-holding and a reversal in the family's fortunes? Mary was 33 years old.

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John & Mary's first daughter, Mary Haman, was born sometime around October 1830 in Ashton upon Mersey. Unfortunately, Mary did not thrive and died in October 1830 as an infant before she could be baptised. She was buried on 28 October 1830 in St Martin's Churchyard (parsh register). This is the only record of Mary's existence. Mary senior was 36 years old.

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James Haman was John & Mary's sixth child and fifth son; he was born in Ashton upon Mersey in 1834; unlike his elder siblings, he was not baptised as an infant.

Two years later, John & Mary's sixth son, Samuel Hayman was born in Ashton upon Mersey. Samuel and their elder son, James Haman, were baptised on 07 August 1836 in St Martin's Church. The family was recorded as still living in Ashton and John was still a labourer (parish register). Mary was 42 years old.

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John's father, Aaron Hayman, died on 12 March 1837 in Hale. He was 67 years old. Unfortunately it would be another four months before civil registration was introduced requiring the registration of all deaths, so the cause of Aaron's death is unknown. He was buried in Bowdon Churchyard on 15 March 1837 (parish register). John was 41 years old.

Mary's brother in law, Joseph Royle, husband of Mary's eldest sister, Hannah, died in Ashton upon Mersey in July 1838. He was 62 years old and was buried in St Martin's Churchyard on 10 July 1838 (parish register).

Three months later, Mary's mother, Betty Taylor, died in October 1838 in Ashton upon Mersey (Altrincham 19 1); she was 77 years old. Betty was buried in St Martin's Churchyard on 07 October 1838 (parish register). Mary was 44 years old.

John & Mary's youngest child, a second daughter that they named Sarah Ann Haman, was born on 07 March 1839 in Ashton upon Mersey. A week later, on 14 March 1839, Mary registered the birth of their daughter, although at that time she was still un-named. Mary recorded her own maiden name as Taylor, confirming her marriage 18 years ago and John's occupation as a labourer. Mary signed the register with an 'X' as she was still illiterate (certificate). Mary was 44 years old. Why did they register her birth so quickly, even before they had settled on a name for her?

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Six and a half weeks after her birth, John & Mary had their daughter baptised in St Martin's Church on 21 April 1839. John's occupation and the family's residence were confirmed as those given on Sarah Ann's birth certificate a month earlier.

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On 24 October 1840, John & Mary's youngest daughter, Sarah Ann Hamon, died at the age of one year and eight months after suffering from convulsions. She was buried in St Martin's Churchyard three days later on 27 October 1840 (parish register).

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Four and half weeks after their daughter's death, Mary Heyman registered Sarah Ann's death on 17 November 1840. Mary recorded that the family was still living in Ashton and that John was still working as a labourer. She advised that Sarah Ann died as a result of convulsions, but what caused the convulsions was not recorded as Sarah Ann was not seen by a doctor, as was normal for a family of their means; as a result Sarah Ann's cause of death was simply a record of the symptoms that her mother had observed not the underlying cause (certificate). Mary was 46 years old and most probably too old to have any further children.

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The 1841 census was taken on the night of 06 June 1841 and found John & Mary Hamon living in Ashton upon Mersey. John was recorded as a 50 year old agricultural labourer and Mary simply as being 46 years old. With them were their three youngest surviving children - 11 year old Joseph Hamon; seven year old James Hamon and four year old Samuel Hamon (ref HO107/91/1/7/11). John was actually 45 years old, so why his age was rounded up to 50 is unknown. Mary's age should also have been recorded as 45 as all individuals whose age was admitted as over 15 had their ages rounded down to the nearest five years.

John's youngest brother, Aaron Hayman, married Hannah Holt in Bowdon Parish Church on 22 September 1844. Aaron was 29 years old and Hannah was four years younger (parish register).

On 11 June 1848, John & Mary's son, William Hayman, married Sarah Whitehead in St John's Church in Manchester. William was a 27 years old labourer and Sarah , the daughter of labourer William Whitehead, was three years younger. William's father, John Hayman, was also recorded as a labourer. Their marriage was witnessed by William Houldsworth and Joseph Maddock, neither of whom appears to be related. Neither William nor Sarah nor their witnesses were able to sign their own names in the regsiter; all made their mark by way of an 'x' (certificate). Was Sarah a second cousin of William's as his paternal grandmother was a Whitehead?

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A couple of months later, on 15 October 1848, their son Thomas Haymond married Ann Bracegirdle in St Mary's Church in Hulme. Thomas was recorded as a 22 year old farmer, although he was actually 26 and Ann was the 20 year old daughter of labourer, James Bracegirdle. Both were recorded as living in Prince Street in Hulme. Their marriage was witnessed by Thomas' younger brother Aaron Haymond and Elizabeth Hulbert, Aaron's future wife. All of the parties were unable to sign their names in the register, indicating that they were all illiterate. John was recorded as being a farmer (parish register). Does this indicate that John had been a husbandman / farmer all along or was it simply a case of wanting his father to be more impressive than a labourer?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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11 weeks later, John & Mary's son, Aaron Hayman married Elizabeth Hulbert in Bowdon Parish Church. Aaron was 23 years old and working as a labourer and Elizabeth was the 25 year old daughter of Thomas Hulbert and his wife Hannah. Both were recorded as living in the Bowdon ecclesiastical parish of Ashton upon Mersey and both fathers were recorded as being labourers. Their marriage was witnessed by S Wright, who appears to be unrelated and Ann Hulbert, Elizabeth's younger sister. Although both of their witnesses were able to sign their names in the register, Aaron & ELizabeth continued to sign with an 'X' (parish register).

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The 1851 census was taken on the night of 30 March 1851 and recorded 54 year old John Hayman as an agricultural labourer living in Ashton upon Mersey with his 55 year old wife, Mary, and 17 year old agricultural labourer son, James Hayman (ref HO107/2162/240/9).

John & Mary's son, Joseph Hayman married Ann Rowe on 26 December 1852 in Bowdon Parish Church. Joseph was a 25 year old labourer living in Carrington and Ann was the 21 year old daughter of farmer Ralph Rowe and his wife Sarah, living in Ashton. John was recorded again as a labourer. Their marriage was witnessed by Henry Service, the parish clerk and John Taylor, Joseph's elder half brother. Only Henry Service was able to sign his name in the regsiter (parish register).

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John's mother, Ann Hayman, died on 10 November 1856 in Hale at the age of 82. She was buried in Bowdon Churchyard on 13 November 1856 (parish register). John was a month short of his 61st birthday.

On 23 January 1859, John & Mary's son, James Hayman, married Ann Sherlock in Manchester Cathedral. Their marriage was one of 11 celebrated in the Cathedral that day and was witnessed by James Hodcroft and Esther Hodcroft who do not appear to be related to them. James was a 25 year old labourer and Ann was the 24 year old daughter of labourer Isaac Sherlock & his wife Martha from Ashton upon Mersey. John was again recorded as a labourer. Both James & Ann were recorded as living at 14 Pine Street in Hulme, which I believe to have been their true address at the time, as in the 1861 census, John & Mary Dunn were living there and Mary was Ann's elder sister who had married John Dunn on 08 April 1855 in St Martin's Church in Ashton upon Mersey (parish register).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Mary's eldest sister, Hannah Royle, died in Ashton upon Mersey at the end of April 1860. She was 77 years old and was laid to rest in St Martin's Churchyard in Ashton on 02 May 1860 (parish register).

On 16 September 1860, John & Mary's youngest son, Samuel Hayman married Alice Oakes in Manchester Cathedral. Samuel was recorded as a 24 year old joiner and Alice was the 22 year old daughter of labourer Thomas Oakes and his wife Ann. John was again recorded as a labourer. Both Samuel & Alice were recorded as living in Pine Street in Hulme but I suspect that they never truely lived there as 9 Pine Street was Samuel's brother James' home; and 14 Pine street was the home of John & Mary Dunn nee Sherlock, sister in law of Samuel's elder brother James Hayman; it is more likely that the addresses were simply used to satisfy the residency requirement for marriage at the Cathedral. Their marriage was witnessed by Samuel's elder brother James and his wife Ann. Only Samuel was able to sign his name in the register (parish register).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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A little over two months later, John's sister in law, Mary Hayman, wife of his younger brother, William Hayman, died in Altrincham at the age of 66. She was buried in St Mary's Churchyard in Bowdon on 25 November 1860 (parish register).

The 1861 census was taken on the night of 07 April 1861 and recorded 64 year old agricultural labourer, John Hamon, at Green Lane in Ashton upon Mersey with 66 year old Mary. With them was Mary's eldest son, 43 year old unmarried agricultual labourer, John Taylor, and their ten year old granddaughter, scholar Ann Hamon, who was the eldest daughter of their son Aaron and his wife Elizabeth (ref RG09/2590/18/7).

John's younger brother, William Hayman, died in June 1865 in Hale at the age of 67; he ws buried in St Mary's churchyard in Bowdon (parish register). John was 71 years old.

On 25 August 1866, Mary's eldest son, John Taylor married widow Mary Hunt nee Evans in St Mary's Church in Manchester. Although he was a 49 year old labourer, John was recorded as being just 41 and his bride was 45. Neither John nor Mary was literate enough to sign their own names in the register, although both of their witnesses, John Percival and Ellen Roberts were able to sign (parish register). Curiously, John was able to record John Hayman as his father despite having been illegitimate; does this mean that John Hayman really was his father, despite his parents marrying nearly four years after his birth or, more likely, that John Taylor regarded John Hayman as his father, ie the man that brought him up? Despite being the eldest child, John Taylor was the last of John & Mary Hayman's children to marry.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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John & Mary's daughter in law, Mary Taylor, wife of John Taylor, died on 15 March 1870 as a result of consumption. She was recorded as being just 47 years old and had been married to John for less than four years. Mary was buried in St George's Churchyard in Hulme on 19 March 1870 (parish register).

 

 

 

 

 

 

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The 1871 census was taken on the night of 02 April 1871, when 76 year old John Hayman was recorded as still living at Green Lane in Ashton upon Mersey with 76 year old Mary. However, by then John was working as a gardener. Their 20 year old granddaughter, Ann Hayman, was still living with them and working as a housekeeper, it is not clear whether that was paid employment or her simply keeping house for her grandparents (ref RG10/3683/70/8). This census also revealed that unmarried Ann had had her first child, a daughter she named Mary Eliza Hayman, on 21 January 1869 (baptism register). Was this the reason that Ann lived with her grandparents or had she lived with them since the previous census following the marriage of John & Mary's youngest son?

In August 1871, John's sister in law, Hannah Hayman, wife of his youngest brother, Aaron Hayman, died at the age of 53 in Bowdon; she was buried in Bowdon Churchyard on 16 August 1871 (parish register).

John's younger sister, Ann Hayman, died in April 1874 at the age of 69 in Hale. She was buried in Bowdon Churchyard on 04 April 1874 (parish register).

Less than four weeks later, Mary Hayman died on 28 April 1874 at Ashton upon Mersey as a result of senile decay (this was a degenerative change in her brain due to her advancing age and often caused severe memory loss); she was 79 years old. The following day, Mary's death was registered by Elizabeth Hayman, John & Mary's daughter in law, wife of their son Aaron, who had been with Mary when she died. Elizabeth recorded Mary's occupation as simply that of John's wife, John being a day gardener; she also appears to have added four years to her age. Throughout the four census returns that John & Mary completed, Mary's recorded age suggested a birth year around 1794 / 95, if she really was 83, then she would have been born in 1790 / 91 and there are no baptisms in the Ashton or Bowdon registers for a Mary Taylor in those years.

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Mary was buried in St Martin's Churchyard on 30 April 1874 (parish register). Once again Mary was recorded as being 83 years old.

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Mary was survived by her husband of 53 years, 78 year old John Hayman, and all of her sons - 57 year old John Taylor; 53 year old William Hayman; 51 year old Thomas Hayman; 49 year old Aaron Hayman; 46 year old Joseph Hayman; 39 year old James Hayman; and 37 year old Samuel Hayman.

Does Mary's cause of death, senile decay, indicate a long term illness, that we today would call dementia? Could that be the reason that their granddaughter, Ann Hayman, lived with them for so many years - as a companion / carer for her grandmother, whilst John was out working? Although nothing was recorded on the 1871 census to suggest that Mary was a lunatic, as the Victorians, so plesantly termed those of 'sometimes of good and sound memory and understanding, and sometimes not'.

In June 1876, Mary's eldest son, John Taylor, died from consumption, the same disease as had claimed the life of his wife a little over six years earlier. John was buried in Ardwick Cemetery in Manchester on 17 June 1876 (Manchester Cemetery Records). Although his age was recorded as 60, he was actually 59. John is not believed to have had any children with his wife Mary.

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The 1881 census was taken on the night of 06 June 1881 and recorded 87 year old John Hayman as still living at Green Lane in Ashton upon Mersey and being the head of his household, although past work. His granddaughter, 30 year Ann, was also still with him, although by that time she had married William Driscoll and was then the mother of five children (ref RG11/3504/118/20).

On 13 November 1884, John Hayman died at the age of 90 at Green Lane in Ashton upon Mersey as a result of senectus (old age). His death was registered on 14 November 1884 by his granddaughter, Ann Driscoll, daughter of his third son Aaron Hayman and his wife Elizabeth, who appeared to have been living with him for at least 23 years since the 1861 census. She recorded his occupation as that of a former farm labourer and that she had been with him when he died (certificate). John was actually an exact month short of his 89th birthday if the entry in the Ringway baptism register from 1796 is correct.

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John had outlived his wife Mary by ten and a half years and was survived by six of his eight children - 63 year old William Hayman; 62 year old Thomas Hayman; 59 year old Aaron Hayman; 57 year old Joseph Hayman; 50 year old James Hayman and 48 year old Samuel Hayman, and by only two of his six siblings - 82 year old Mary Blease; and 70 year old Aaron Hayman, despite being the eldest sibling.

John was laid to rest in St Martin's Churchyard on 14 November 1884 (parish register). There is no headstone to mark John and / or Mary's final resting place.

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