james & hannah aldred

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James Aldred was born to John & Hannah Aldred in 1786 in Ashton upon Mersey. He was their second child and eldest son, joining elder sister Mary Aldred who was around two years of age.

James Aldred was baptised in St Martin's Church in Ashton upon Mersey on 02 September 1786. The family was simply noted as being from Ashton (parish register).

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In May 1788, James' only sister, Mary Aldred, died at the age of two and a half. She was buried in St Martin's Churchyard on 15 May 1788 (parish register).

James' younger brother, William Aldred, was born in 1789 in Ashton upon Mersey. He was baptised on 15 November 1789 in St Martin's Church (parish register). James was three years old.

In late 1791, James' second brother, John Aldred, was born in Ashton upon Mersey. He was baptised in St Martin's Church on 01 January 1792 (parish register). James was five years old.

Another brother, Thomas Aldred, followed in late 1793. He too was born in Ashton upon Mersey and was baptised in St Martin's Church on 19 January 1794 (parish register). James was seven years old.

In 1797, James' brother, Jonathan Aldred, was born in Ashton upon Mersey. He was baptised on 16 July 1797 in St Martin's Church (parish register).

James' first younger sister, Hannah Aldred, was born in 1799 in Ashton upon Mersey. She was baptised on 04 August 1799 in St Martin's Church (parish register). James was around 13 years of age.

In 1803, James' fourth brother, George Aldred, was born in Ashton upon Mersey. He was baptised in St Martin's Church on 05 June 1803 (parish register).

James' youngest sister, Ellen Aldred, was born in 1805 in Ashton upon Mersey. She was baptised on 04 October 1805 in St Martin's Church (parish register).

On 22 April 1808, James' youngest sibling, Samuel Aldred, was born in Ashton upon Mersey. Samuel was baptised on 31 July 1808 in St Martin's Church (parish register). James was around 22 years old.

James' younger brother, William Aldred, married Esther Turner on 11 October 1813 in the Collegiate Church in Manchester (parish register). William was 24 years old and was recorded as being from Chorlton, as was Esther. Their marriage was witnessed by J Chantler and Bery Ball, both of whom appeared as witnesses for all of the marriges in the Cathedral on 11 October.

On 01 July 1816, James' younger brother, John Aldred, married Mary Parnell in Collegiate Church in Manchester (parish register). John was 24 years old and noted as being from Manchester, as was his bride. As seems to be the norm, I suspect that Manchester was little more than a temporary residence in order to be able to marry in the Cathedral. Their marriage was witnessed by John Aldred, whom I assume to have been John's father and John Beard who does not appear to be related. Only John Beard was able to sign his name in the register.

James' younger brother, Thomas Aldred, married Lucy Davies by licence in St Mary's Church in Bowdon on 12 April 1818 (parish register). Thomas was 24 years old and a farmer living in Northenden; Lucy was 25 years old and from Ashton upon Mersey. Their marriage was witnessed by John Aldred, who may have been his elder brother or father and John Neild, the parish clerk. Only John Neild was able to sign his name in the register.

Later the same year, James' younger brother, Jonathan Aldred, died in September 1818 at the age of 21. He was buried in St Martin's Churchyard on 30 September 1818 (parish register).

On 31 March 1823, James' younger sister, Hannah Aldred, married Thomas Royle in St Mary's Church in Eccles. Hannah was 23 years old and recorded as being from Bowdon; Thomas was from Eccles. Their marriage was witnessed by Thomas Turner and William Worrall, neither of whom appear to be related to Thomas or Hannah. Only Thomas Turner was able to sign his name in the register.

 

Hannah Hamnett was born to John & Hannah Hamnett nee Hamnett in Ashton upon Mersey in 1794. She was their seventh child and eldest daughter, joining brothers James Hamnett who had been baptised on 12 December 1779; William Hamnett who had been baptised on 01 June 1783; John Hamnett who had been baptised on 29 April 1787; Thomas Hamnett who had been baptised on 20 December 1789; and Edward Hamnett who had been baptised on 15 April 1792. All of the siblings were baptised in St Martin's Church in Ashton upon Mersey (parish register). There had also been another brother, John Hamnett, who had died in 1785 as an infant (parish register).

Hannah Hamnett was baptised on 21 December 1794 in St Martin's Church in Ashton (parish register).

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Hannah's only sister, Elizabeth Hamnett, was born in 1797 in Ashton upon Mersey. She was baptised in St Martin's Church on 26 February 1797 (parish register).

Hannah's youngest sibling, George Hamnett, was born in 1799 in Ashton; he was baptised on 29 December 1799 in St Martin's Church (parish register).

On 27 November 1817, Hannah's elder brother, John Hamnett, married Margaret Hollinsworth in the Collegiate Church in Manchester. He was 30 years old and Margaret was three years older.

Hannah's only sister, Elizabeth Hamnett, married Joseph Kelsall in Bowdon Parish Church on 05 November 1822. Elizabeth was 25 years old and Joseph was 32. Their marriage was witnessed by Edward Hamnett, Elizabeth's elder brother, and John Neild, the parish clerk (parish register).

 

James Aldred married Hannah Hamnett in St Mary's Church in Bowdon on 02 August 1826. At this time, pre civil registration, only the barest of details were recorded in the marriage registers. Accordingly, both James & Hannah were recorded as living within the St Mary's parish, which did include a small part of Ashton, and we know that their marriage took place after Banns had been called. Neither James nor Hannah were able to sign their names in the register, which was not uncommon at this time, when education was not compulsory. Their marriage was witnessed by Edward Hamnett, who was Hannah's elder brother and John Neild, whom I believe to have been the parish clerk (parish register). James was 40 years of age and Hannah was 32, neither was recorded as being widowed, so it would appear that they simply married later in life than was the norm.

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Sometime, not long after their marriage, James & Hannah's first child, a son that they named John Aldred, was born in Ashton upon Mersey. Was John named after both of their fathers? John was not baptised as an infant which was unusual at this time of high infant mortality.

On 03 October 1826, Hannah buried both of her parents in St Martin's Churchyard in Ashton upon Mersey. Her father, John Hamnett, was 68 years old and her mother, Hannah Hamnett, was 66 years old (parish register). It is not known if they died together or simply one shortly after the other, unfortunately their deaths occurred pre civil registration so other than their burials, there is no record of their deaths or cause of death. Hannah was 31 years old.

On 04 November 1828, James' younger brother, George Aldred, married Betty Kelsall in St Mary's Church in Bowdon (parish register). George was 25 years old. Their marriage was witnessed by Samuel Aldred, George's younger brother, and the parish clerk John Neild. Only John Neild was able to sign his name in the register.

James' younger brother, John Aldred, died in September 1829 in Ashton upon Mersey. He was just 37 years old and was buried in St Martin's Churchyard on 26 September 1829 (parish register). John's death left his widow, 39 year old Mary Aldred, with six daughters ranging in age from 12 year old Sarah to two year old Lucy. She did not remarry.

In 1830, James & Hannah's second child and only daughter, Hannah Aldred, was born in Ashton upon Mersey. On 26 September 1830, James & Hannah had both of their children baptised in St Martin's Church. Unfortunatley their entries were at the bottom of one page and the top of the next page! However, these register entries give us the first indication as to James' occupation - a labourer. The family was recorded as simply living in Ashton (parish register). Hannah was 36 years old.

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In 1812, an Act of Parliament had standardised the church registers, requiring all churches to use the new preprinted registers to recorded specific information. At that time, these registers were the only record of births, marriages and deaths in the country and as such were important documents so their preprinted format much improved the previously handwritten lists of such entries which could range from as little as the child's name with that of the father to almost a life history of the child and parents.

In 1833, James & Hannah's third child and second son, Thomas Aldred, was born in Ashton upon Mersey; he was baptised on 25 August 1833 in St Martin's Church. James was again recorded as a labourer and the family was still living in Ashton (parish register). Hannah was 39 years old.

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On 18 May 1834, James' youngest sister, Ellen Aldred, married John Darbyshire in St Mary's Church in Bowdon (parish register). Ellen was 28 years old. Their marriage was witnessed by Henry Service and Wm Race, both of whom appear to be connected with Bowdon Church as they witnessed a significant number of marriages there. Neither Ellen nor John were able to sign their names in the register.

The following year, James' youngest sibling, Samuel Aldred married Elizabeth Kelsall on 29 August 1835 in St Mary's Church in Bowdon (parish register). Samuel was 27 years old and Elizabeth was three years older. Their marriage was witnessed by Henry Service and William Goulden, neither of whom appears to be related. Neither Samuel nor Elizabeth were able to sign their names in the register.

Two months later, in November 1835, tradegy struck the family and both of James & Hannah's sons fell ill resulting in both of their deaths. Unfortunately, it would be another two years before civil registration required all deaths to be registered, so it is impossible to say what claimed John & Thomas' lives, other than I would imagine that it was the same thing and probably highly contagious. The burial register recorded that two year old Thomas Aldred succumbed first and was buried on 08 November 1835 in St Martins Churchyard (parish register).

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Exactly two weeks later, on 22 November 1835, James & Hannah Aldred were back in St Martin's Church, burying their eldest son, nine year old John Aldred (parish register).

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One week later, Hannah's only sister, Elizabeth Kelsall, was also buried in St Martin's Churchyard on 29 November 1835 (parish register); she was 38 years old and left her husband, Joseph Kelsall, widowed with their three year old daughter, Elizabeth Kelsall.

James & Hannah's final child and third son, James Aldred, was born in 1838 in Ashton upon Mersey. Despite civil registration having become law in July 1837, his birth does not appear to have been registered. James junior was baptised in St Martin's Church on 14 October 1838. The family was again recorded as living in Ashton and James senior was still working as a labourer (parish register). Hannah was 44 years old.

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Two months later, further tradegy struck at the family when James senior fell ill with an inflammation of his chest; on 29 December 1838 the inflammation claimed his life, leaving Hannah widowed with an eight year old daughter, Hannah junior, and an infant son, James junior. James senior was laid to rest on 31 December 1838 in St Martin's Church, he was 52 years old (parish register).

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On 02 January 1839, Hannah Aldred registered the death of her husband. She gave his occupation as a hay cutter, a highly seasonal job, suggsting that the family would have had a very low income - had that contributed to James' and his two sons deaths? James' cause of death was simply given as the symptoms that Hannah had witnessed; there were no doctor's details given suggesting that James had not seen a doctor, although for a family on a very low income, that would not be unusual as the cost of calling a doctor and any medicine would be far beyond their budget. Finally, Hannah signed the register with an 'X', confirming that she was illiterate (certificate).

Certificate reproduced in accordance with the General Register Office approved guidance on the use of certified copies of official certificates.
© Crown copyright.

Unusually, Hannah Aldred did not remarry, as was the norm for a widowed mother and consequently, life for Hannah and her two children must have been extremely hard with little or no income, particularly with Hannah most likely restricted in what she could earn with an infant to care for unless that task fell to Hannah junior whilst her mother worked? It is not known if Hannah had to rely on parish relief or if she was helped by her family or that of her late husband's.

In March 1841, Hannah's brother in law, Thomas Aldred, the younger brother of her late husband, died in Ashton upon Mersey. He was just 47 years old and was buried in St Martin's Churchyard on 01 April 1841 (parish register). Thomas and Lucy had had four children, the youngest of whom was 16 year old Lucy Aldred junior.

The 1841 census was taken on the night of 06 June 1841 and recorded 40 year old Hannah in Ashton upon Mersey with her two surviving children - 10 year old Hannah Aldred junior and two year old James Aldred junior (ref HO107/91/1/6/9). Hannah senior was actually 45.

In July 1846, Hannah's father in law, John Aldred, died in Ashton upon Mersey at the age of 76. He was buried in St Martin's Churchyard on 09 July 1846 (parish register).

In November 1850, Hannah's mother in law, Hannah Aldred, died at the age of 88 in Ashton upon Mersey. She was buried in St Martin's Churchyard on 20 November 1850 (parish register).

The 1851 census was taken on the night of 30 March 1851 and recorded 56 year old, field labourer, Hannah Aldred living in Ashton upon Mersey with her 12 year old son, scholar James Aldred (ref HO107/2162/240/9). 20 year old Hannah junior had found employment at Roaring Gate Farm in Hale as a farmer’s servant.

On 28 September 1851, 21 year old Hannah junior married Samuel Brocklehurst in Manchester Cathedral. Samuel was the 22 year old labourer son of Samuel Brocklehurst and was living in Withington at the time of his marriage. Their marriage was witnessed by John Woodall & Elizabeth Woodall, who do not appear to be related to either of them. Samuel, Hannah and both of their witnesses signed the register with 'X's, indicating that they were all illiterate (parish register).

Hannah's sister in law, Margaret Hamnett, wife of her elder brother, John Hamnett, died in July 1851 in Altrincham at the age of 67. She was buried in Bowdon Churchyard on 31 July 1851 (parish register).

In May 1859, Hannah's widowed elder brother, John Hamnett, died in Altrincham at the age of 72. He was buried in Bowdon Churchyard on 20 May 1859 (parish register).

Hannah's widowed brother in law, Joseph Kelsall, the widower of her only sister Elizabeth, died at the beginning of December 1860 at the age of 70. He was buried in St Martin's Churchyard on 08 December 1860 (parish register).

It is unlikely that Hannah attended his funeral, as around this time, she too fell ill with diarrhrea. Two weeks later on 15 December 1860 she died as a result. She was buried in St Martin's Churchyard on 17 December 1860; she was recorded as being 67 years old (parish register).

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Two days later, Hannah's son, James Aldred, regsitered her death, giving her occupation as the widow of James Aldred, a farm labourer and her cause of death as the symptoms that he had witnessed - diarrhrea two weeks, although these symptoms were recorded as having been certified, suggesting that she had been seen by a doctor prior to her death (certificate).

Certificate reproduced in accordance with the General Register Office approved guidance on the use of certified copies of official certificates.
© Crown copyright.

Hannah had outlived her husband, James Aldred senior, by a little under 22 years and was survived by two of her four children - 30 year old Hannah Brocklehurst and 22 year old James Aldred junior. It is not known if any of her siblings outlived her as to date I have been unable to conclusively trace five of her brothers.

 

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